Ancient Monuments

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Three round barrows 100m north west of Andover Lodge: part of a round barrow cemetery in Barrow Field Clumps, Cholderton Park

A Scheduled Monument in Amport, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1802 / 51°10'48"N

Longitude: -1.6504 / 1°39'1"W

OS Eastings: 424532.093815

OS Northings: 142392.396038

OS Grid: SU245423

Mapcode National: GBR 61D.X4S

Mapcode Global: VHC2W.BLVL

Entry Name: Three round barrows 100m north west of Andover Lodge: part of a round barrow cemetery in Barrow Field Clumps, Cholderton Park

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 13 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014707

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26735

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Amport

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Cholderton

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows and the levelled remains of
a further Bronze Age round barrow, part of a cemetery containing at least
12 round barrows which lie on level ground close to the Andover Lodge of
Cholderton Park. The barrows lie in an approximately east-west line to the
north west of the lodge.
The most westerly barrow has a circular mound 26m in diameter and
approximately 1m high, crossed on its south western side by a track. Traces of
a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the barrow can
be seen on the west side of the mound.
The central barrow has a circular area, 37m in diameter, marking the former
position of the barrow mound, surrounded by a ditch, approximately 4m wide. An
earthwork reconstruction of a disc barrow has been superimposed on the site of
this barrow.
The most easterly barrow has a circular mound, 17m in diameter and 0.8m high.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts and the metalled surface of
the track, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Two of the three round barrows north west of Andover Lodge in Cholderton Park
are well preserved examples of their class and, despite some past erosion,
exhibit a largely original profile. All three barrows will contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial
practices, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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