Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles and an enclosure 680m ENE of Trowlesworthy Warren House

A Scheduled Monument in Shaugh Prior, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4687 / 50°28'7"N

Longitude: -4.0113 / 4°0'40"W

OS Eastings: 257356.715055

OS Northings: 65139.608411

OS Grid: SX573651

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.0TPF

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HT.F27

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles and an enclosure 680m ENE of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Scheduled Date: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014615

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24239

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Shaugh Prior

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes two stone hut circles and an enclosure situated on a
gentle north west facing slope overlooking the River Plym. Both stone hut
circles survive as banks of earth and stone surrounding a circular internal
area. The interior of the western stone hut circle measures 6m in diameter
and the surrounding 0.9m wide wall stands up to 0.3m high. The interior of the
eastern hut circle is oval in shape, measures 6.5m long by 4.3m wide and is
defined by a 1.3m wide wall standing up to 0.l5m high. A 3.5m wide and 0.8m
high rubble bank lies immediately east of the hut. This bank extends
southward and divides the nearby enclosure into two parts. The interior of
the enclosure measures 14.5m long east to west by 13m wide north to south and
is defined by a 1.2m wide rubble bank standing up to 0.4m high. The bank
leading through the enclosure measures 1.8m wide, stands up to 0.7m high and
appears to post date the enclosure walls.
The monument is in the care of the Secretary of State.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles and enclosure 680m ENE of Trowlesworthy Warren House
survive comparatively well and, together with a rich array of nearby features,
form part of an archaeological landscape in which the three major periods of
human activity on the Moor are represented. This area is a popular visitor
destination and the settlement is frequently visited.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX56NE361, (1984)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1993)
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory

Source: Historic England

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