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Round barrow 250m NNE of Easthorpe Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Appleton-le-Street with Easthorpe, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1367 / 54°8'12"N

Longitude: -0.8635 / 0°51'48"W

OS Eastings: 474347.353072

OS Northings: 471806.040931

OS Grid: SE743718

Mapcode National: GBR QNDL.VV

Mapcode Global: WHFBF.P9Z1

Entry Name: Round barrow 250m NNE of Easthorpe Cottages

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1967

Last Amended: 13 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014566

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28236

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Appleton-le-Street with Easthorpe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Amotherby St Helen

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow and its associated ditch, situated on the
crest of a ridge on the south of the Vale of Pickering.
The monument is crossed by an east to west aligned hedge, to the north of
which the barrow is visible as a low mound. To the south of the hedge the
barrow mound has been reduced by agricultural activity and is no longer
visible as an earthwork. The barrow mound is constructed of earth and stone
and stands 0.45m high. The visible section is semicircular in shape and
measures 14m across. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which
has been filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork,
but which is included in the scheduling.
The monument is one of a line of barrows which originally extended for 700m
along the crest of the ridge.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although partly reduced by agricultural activity, this barrow survives as an
earthwork. Significant information about the original form of the barrow
and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land
use will survive beneath the barrow mound. It is one of a closely grouped
line of barrows extending along the ridge. Similar groups of barrows are also
known across the region and offer important scope for the study of burial
practice in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
McElvaney, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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