Ancient Monuments

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Cup and ring marked stone 520m north east of the triangulation point on Feldom Rigg

A Scheduled Monument in Gayles, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4477 / 54°26'51"N

Longitude: -1.8219 / 1°49'18"W

OS Eastings: 411644.612669

OS Northings: 505827.404158

OS Grid: NZ116058

Mapcode National: GBR HKQ0.CD

Mapcode Global: WHC64.ZGLN

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked stone 520m north east of the triangulation point on Feldom Rigg

Scheduled Date: 4 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014361

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24551

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Gayles

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby Ravensworth

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cup and ring marked stone which lies in open moorland
on level ground approximately 110m north of the field wall which crosses
Feldom Rigg south west to north east and 110m east of Feldom Rigg Lane. It
consists of a flat, roughly leaf shaped stone slab of grey sandstone, 1.7m by
0.9m. The upper surface of the stone is decorated with nine well preserved cup
marks two of which have ring marks and linear grooves. One cup mark has three
rings surrounding it and a diameter of 0.28m. The other has two rings and a
diameter of 0.22m. The monument is one of a group of cup and ring marked
stones on Gayles Moor. Its grid reference by Global Positioning System
is NZ 1164405827.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

This is a well preserved cup and ring marked stone, surviving in its original
location and one of a larger group of this type of monument in the area. It
will contribute to an understanding of the wider grouping of these stones.

Source: Historic England


Laurie, T,

Source: Historic England

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