Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn 255m south west of Moor House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Preston-under-Scar, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3128 / 54°18'46"N

Longitude: -1.8972 / 1°53'49"W

OS Eastings: 406784.018373

OS Northings: 490804.087548

OS Grid: SE067908

Mapcode National: GBR HL6K.1R

Mapcode Global: WHB5K.TVRM

Entry Name: Cairn 255m south west of Moor House Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014358

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28405

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Preston-under-Scar

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a large cairn situated on level ground beside a
railway track. It consists of a turf covered mound 18m in diameter and 1.7m
high. The south side of the monument was disturbed during the building of the
railway in the 1870s and human remains were found. A number of hawthorn trees
are growing on this disturbed southern side. A wooden fence running over the
top of the monument is excluded from the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although partly disturbed on its southern side this remains a very substantial
monument retaining further important archaeological deposits. It is also one
of only very few low-lying examples of a cairn surviving in the area.

Source: Historic England

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