Ancient Monuments

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Cup and ring marked stone 585m SSW of Jenny's Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Gayles, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4505 / 54°27'1"N

Longitude: -1.8248 / 1°49'29"W

OS Eastings: 411460.105891

OS Northings: 506139.25895

OS Grid: NZ114061

Mapcode National: GBR HJPZ.RC

Mapcode Global: WHC64.YD7H

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked stone 585m SSW of Jenny's Plantation

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014331

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27949

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Gayles

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby Ravensworth

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cup and ring marked stone situated in open moorland on
level ground, 585m SSW of Jenny's Plantation and 10m west of Feldom Rigg Lane.
It consists of a flat, roughly rectangular slab of grey sandstone, 0.95m by
0.35m wide partly concealed in thick heather. The upper surface of the stone
is decorated with seven cup marks. Two of these cup marks include two ring
marks with maximum diameters of 8cm and one cup mark with a single ring
surrounding it. The monument is one of a group of prehistoric carved stones on
Gayles Moor.
Its grid reference by Global Positioning System is NZ1146006138.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

This is a well preserved cup and ring marked stone, surviving in its original
location and one of a group of prehistoric carved stones in the area. It will
also contribute to an understanding of the wider grouping of these stones.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Laurie, T,

Source: Historic England

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