Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rock with one cup mark and two short grooves, south of Snowden Beck in Ellers Wood, Dob Park, 570m south east of Carr Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Weston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9543 / 53°57'15"N

Longitude: -1.7122 / 1°42'44"W

OS Eastings: 418980.33173

OS Northings: 450949.036343

OS Grid: SE189509

Mapcode National: GBR JQHQ.37

Mapcode Global: WHC8J.NVVY

Entry Name: Rock with one cup mark and two short grooves, south of Snowden Beck in Ellers Wood, Dob Park, 570m south east of Carr Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014315

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28076

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Weston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, measuring 1.1m by 0.9m by 0.3m.
It is situated in Dob Park, and lies in Ellers Wood. It is 7.4m west along
the boundary wall of the wood from a junction with a field wall, and 8m into
the wood from the boundary wall.
The carving consists of one cup mark with a very short groove emerging from
it, and a short groove to one side.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Ellers Wood.

Source: Historic England

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