Ancient Monuments

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Furzehill Common 1: a stone setting 820m WNW of Hoaroak Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lynton and Lynmouth, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1803 / 51°10'49"N

Longitude: -3.8114 / 3°48'41"W

OS Eastings: 273483.416824

OS Northings: 143904.969195

OS Grid: SS734439

Mapcode National: GBR L2.5VN4

Mapcode Global: VH4MH.WLFH

Entry Name: Furzehill Common 1: a stone setting 820m WNW of Hoaroak Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014259

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25215

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lynton and Lynmouth

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lynton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes two standing stones, two recumbent stones and the
archaeologically sensitive areas between and around these features. The site
is located on the south end of Furzehill Common and on the gentle north west
facing slopes above Warcombe Water 820m WNW of Hoaroak Farm. The stones
are arranged in an apparently random manner. The westernmost standing stone
is 250mm high, 300mm wide and 50mm thick. The easternmost standing stone is
350mm high, 300mm wide and 130mm thick and is upright but leans 40 degrees and
has a packing stone at its base.
The westernmost recumbent stone is 300mm long by 100m wide whilst the
easternmost recumbent stone is 400mm long and 120mm wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable
richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and
occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved
and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land
boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into
successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time.
Stone settings consist of a group of standing stones set out in an irregular
or random pattern. There are a number of such sites on Exmoor where they
appear to be a regional variation of the more common stone alignments. Stone
settings are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small
cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are
therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone
settings were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the
Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and
ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a
monument type all surviving examples are considered to be of national
importance.

Furzehill Common 1 stone setting survives well and will retain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to the use and development of the
monument. Its importance is increased by being part of a complex of six
similar sites within one square kilometre.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Quinnell, N V, Dunn, C J, Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey, (1992), 24

Source: Historic England

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