Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rock with one or two cup marks near derelict walling below outcrop in enclosed pasture on Snowden Carr, 350m west of Carr Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Askwith, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9566 / 53°57'23"N

Longitude: -1.7253 / 1°43'31"W

OS Eastings: 418119.999977

OS Northings: 451200.15625

OS Grid: SE181512

Mapcode National: GBR JQDP.8F

Mapcode Global: WHC8J.GTM5

Entry Name: Rock with one or two cup marks near derelict walling below outcrop in enclosed pasture on Snowden Carr, 350m west of Carr Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014196

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28060

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Askwith

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Weston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved piece of outcropping gritstone rock, measuring
3m by 4m by 1.3m. It is situated next to the derelict walling, below the main
outcrop, in the enclosed pasture at the east edge of Snowden Carr. An accurate
grid reference for this monument is SE1812151202.
The carving consists of one or two cup marks on the south end of the top
The derelict wall is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Snowden Carr.

Source: Historic England

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