Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn on west flank of High Black Hill, 210m ENE of the shooting shelter in Middleton Moor Enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9653 / 53°57'55"N

Longitude: -1.8211 / 1°49'15"W

OS Eastings: 411832.956683

OS Northings: 452151.209916

OS Grid: SE118521

Mapcode National: GBR HQQL.J9

Mapcode Global: WHC8H.0L2H

Entry Name: Cairn on west flank of High Black Hill, 210m ENE of the shooting shelter in Middleton Moor Enclosure

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014182

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28036

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairn situated in Middleton Moor Enclosure, on the
west flank of High Black Hill. An accurate NGR for the monument is SE 11833
52145. It is circular in shape and is composed of a scatter of rocks. The
cairn is 8m in diameter and 0.8m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although disturbed, this cairn still retains evidence of its original form and
of any burials placed within it.

Source: Historic England

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