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Cross base at the junction of Standish Green Lane, Standish Wood Lane and Beech Walk, 200m NNW of Strickland House Farm, Standish

A Scheduled Monument in Standish with Langtree, Wigan

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.5805 / 53°34'49"N

Longitude: -2.6634 / 2°39'48"W

OS Eastings: 356172.103287

OS Northings: 409529.997451

OS Grid: SD561095

Mapcode National: GBR 9WV1.56

Mapcode Global: WH97R.18ZF

Entry Name: Cross base at the junction of Standish Green Lane, Standish Wood Lane and Beech Walk, 200m NNW of Strickland House Farm, Standish

Scheduled Date: 1 July 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014119

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25720

County: Wigan

Electoral Ward/Division: Standish with Langtree

Built-Up Area: Standish

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater Manchester

Church of England Parish: Standish St Wilfrid

Church of England Diocese: Blackburn

Details

The monument includes a cross base at Three Lane Ends in Standish. It stands
on the west side of Beech Walk and is one of four known crosses which
functioned as waymarkers on the medieval route from Wigan to Standish which
continues towards Chorley.
The cross was originally situated at SD55980999 where it stood on the west
side of Standish Green Lane at the junction with the A5209. It was moved in
order to widen the lane for a road to the housing which has been developed
since World War II.
The base, which is Listed Grade II, is made from a single block of local
gritstone and measures 0.84m wide on the west side and 0.75m on the north
side. It stands 0.14m above the ground. The socket hole measures 0.35m by
0.33m and is 0.25m deep.
The stone has been set 1m from the edge of the lane and 0.5m from the surface
of the house drive adjacent to it on the north side. The surface of this drive
is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
pilgrimages.
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross base at Three Lane Ends survives well even if worn on the top
surface. It is one of a group of four medieval crosses intended as waymarkers
on the route between Wigan and Chorley. The crosses provide important evidence
of the medieval route and serve to remind us of medieval travellers and the
importance of religion in medieval life.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Greater Manchester Sites and Monuments Record, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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