Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 460m south of Milton Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Pembridge, Herefordshire,

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Latitude: 52.2359 / 52°14'9"N

Longitude: -2.9053 / 2°54'19"W

OS Eastings: 338271.36835

OS Northings: 260133.17566

OS Grid: SO382601

Mapcode National: GBR FB.17Z1

Mapcode Global: VH77B.L2F8

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 460m south of Milton Cross

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014103

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27490

County: Herefordshire,

Civil Parish: Pembridge

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Pembridge with Moorcourt

Church of England Diocese: Hereford


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow,
situated on a level floodplain north of the River Arrow. The land was once
seasonally flooded and subsequently divided by a series of drains, many of
which have now been filled in. The barrow is the most westerly in a line of
three, extending WSW-ENE. A section of Rowe Ditch stretches north-south across
the valley for c.800m, passing 250m west of the remains of this barrow (the
ditch is the subject of a separate scheduling). The barrow 460m south of
Milton Cross includes an earthen mound of circular form, c.32m diameter and
1.2m high. Air photographs taken in 1959 indicate a ditch around the southern
half of the mound, from which material for its construction would have been
quarried. No surface evidence for this feature is now visible. There is a
field boundary immediately to the south west of the barrow beyond which the
ground surface has been ploughed flat and is 0.5m lower than its neighbour.
Before the advent of ploughing and the construction of nearby drains and field
boundaries, the three monuments would have formed a clearly visible alignment
across the flat valley floor. The other two barrows are the subject of
separate schedulings (SM27505, SM27506).

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow south of Milton Cross is a well preserved example of this
class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of
construction and any phases of refurbishment, as well as for the burial or
burials within it. This will contribute to our understanding of the
technology, social organisation, and beliefs of its builders. The accumulated
ditch fills will contain environmental evidence for activity at the barrow and
land use around it, during its construction and subsequent use. The buried
ground surface beneath the mound itself will similarly preserve environmental
evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which it was constructed. The close
relationship of the barrow with the two neighbouring examples enhances
interest in the individual monuments, and in the group as a focus of burial
activity which may have continued over a prolonged period.

Source: Historic England

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