Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 440m SSW of the southern corner of Moll Harris's Clump: one of a group of round barrows on Porton Down

A Scheduled Monument in Winterslow, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1167 / 51°7'0"N

Longitude: -1.6884 / 1°41'18"W

OS Eastings: 421904.836617

OS Northings: 135318.751128

OS Grid: SU219353

Mapcode National: GBR 50S.ZY5

Mapcode Global: VHC37.P687

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 440m SSW of the southern corner of Moll Harris's Clump: one of a group of round barrows on Porton Down

Scheduled Date: 5 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014094

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26756

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterslow

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Idmiston with Porton Gomeldon St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a ditched bowl barrow with an external bank, one of a
group of at least seven round barrows which straddles a shallow coombe on
Porton Down. The barrow, which lies on a shallow south facing slope, has a
mound 15m in diameter and 0.5m high in the centre of which is an area of
disturbance, most probably resulting from an unrecorded antiquarian
excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ditch 2m wide and 0.2m deep.
Immediately beyond the ditch lies a low bank, c.3m wide and a maximum of 0.35m
high, both ditch and bank being most clearly visible on the north west and
north sides of the barrow.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Since 1916 the Porton Down Range has been used for military purposes. As on
the Salisbury Plain Training Area, this has meant that it has not been subject
to the intensive arable farming seen elsewhere on the Wessex chalk. Porton, as
a result, is one of very few surviving areas of uncultivated chalk downland in
England and contains a range of well-preserved archaeological sites, many of
Neolithic or Bronze Age date. These include long barrows and round barrows,
flint mines, and evidence for settlement, land division and agriculture.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 440m SSW of the southern corner of Moll Harris's Clump, is a
well preserved example of its class. Despite some erosion caused by burrowing
animals, it exhibits a largely original profile which includes an unusual
external bank. The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing
information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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