Ancient Monuments

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Cup and ring marked rock 340m east of Badger Stone

A Scheduled Monument in Ilkley, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9104 / 53°54'37"N

Longitude: -1.8277 / 1°49'39"W

OS Eastings: 411416.324804

OS Northings: 446040.578991

OS Grid: SE114460

Mapcode National: GBR HRP6.3Z

Mapcode Global: WHC8N.WZV3

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock 340m east of Badger Stone

Scheduled Date: 21 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014085

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25371

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Ilkley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 1.3m x 1.27m x 0.9m. It is
situated on the flat land 340m east of Badger Stone. Its grid reference by
Global Positioning System is SE 11417 46040.
The carving is on the west, south east and north east vertical faces. It
consists of two cups on the west face, one with a ring, and on the south east
face two cups with single rings and grooves, one other cup and a depression,
and on the north east face, one cup.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more `rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are believed
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and it will contribute to an
understanding of the wider grouping of carved rocks.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 44

Source: Historic England

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