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Bowl barrow 350m ENE of Saunderton Station

A Scheduled Monument in Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6774 / 51°40'38"N

Longitude: -0.8208 / 0°49'14"W

OS Eastings: 481629.3709

OS Northings: 198278.239862

OS Grid: SU816982

Mapcode National: GBR D4G.WTW

Mapcode Global: VHDVX.Q3FG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m ENE of Saunderton Station

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013929

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27125

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Bledlow-cum-Saunderton

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Bradenham

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl
barrow situated on the eastern side of Smalldean Lane, near the base of a wide
valley between Park Wood and Bledlow Ridge.

The barrow stood in an area of woodland until the middle of the 19th century,
but has since been ploughed, reducing the height of the mound to approximately
0.5m. The mound is some 25m in diameter, surrounded by a buried ditch which
remains visible as a cropmark and has been recorded from the air. Aerial
photographs also show a dark area in the centre of the barrow which is thought
to indicate the remains of a turf stack at the core of the mound, over which a
larger mound, composed primarily of chalk rubble, was raised.

A rounded flint scraper of Bronze Age date was found on the surface of the
mound in 1981, and three flakes of worked flint and a flint blade were
collected in the vicinity in 1984.

The barrow lies at the southern end of a dispersed group of similar monuments
which extends across the valley towards Lodge Hill, some 4km to the north
west. This alignment, which includes a small round barrow cemetery at
Saunderton Lee, is thought to reflect the route of a prehistoric trackway
leading towards Wain Hill and the northern edge of the Chiltern escarpment
overlooking the Vale of Aylesbury.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite being reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow 350m ENE of Saunderton
Station will retain significant archaeological information.
Funerary remains surviving in buried features within the area of the mound
will illustrate the function of the monument and the beliefs of the community
which built it. Further remains, funerary and otherwise, may also be found in
the silts of the surrounding ditch, as well as environmental evidence which
will provide information on the landscape in which it was set.
The association between this barrow and the other barrows within the valley,
and the implications of their alignment, are highly significant for the study
of prehistoric settlement within the Chiltern Hills.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Dyer, J F, 'Archaeological Journal' in Barrows of the Chilterns, (1959), 1-24
Dyer, J F, 'Archaeological Journal' in Barrows of the Chilterns, (1959), 1-24
Other
Oblique filed with SMR, Ordnance Survey, 71.390. No. 250, (1971)
Obliques filed with SMR, Farley, M E, A5/15/1A, 2A, 3A, (1981)
Obliques filed with SMR, Farley, M E, A6/13/2A,, (1983)
Obliques filed with SMR, Farley, M E, A6/13/3A, 4A,, (1982)
Record of surface finds, 4990,

Source: Historic England

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