Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 730m SSE of South Walk Farm

A Scheduled Monument in South Willingham, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.3396 / 53°20'22"N

Longitude: -0.1773 / 0°10'38"W

OS Eastings: 521455.667001

OS Northings: 384070.342858

OS Grid: TF214840

Mapcode National: GBR WY6T.FK

Mapcode Global: WHHJX.7BT4

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 730m SSE of South Walk Farm

Scheduled Date: 27 November 1963

Last Amended: 26 July 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013924

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27875

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: South Willingham

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: East Barkwith St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl
barrow located 130m above sea level 730m SSE of South Walk Farm. It is
prominently situated on a plateau above and to the west of the valley of the
River Bain and is directly adjacent to High Street which originated as a
prehistoric trackway. The circular mound stands to a height of some 3m and
measures c.20m in diameter. The ditch from which material for the mound would
have been quarried is not visible but is thought to survive buried beneath the
present ground surface. The smoothly sloping sides of the barrow rise to a
flattened summit into which a Royal Observer Corps monitoring post was
inserted in 1959. This involved the digging of a hole some 7m long by 3.5m
wide and 3m deep into the western segment of the mound. While this work, which
was archaeologically monitored, disturbed the barrow, it had the merit of
demonstrating the probable function of the mound and some indication of its
Bronze Age date was given by the scraps of pottery recovered. The siting of
the monitoring post avoided damage to the significant archaeological deposits
in the central area. A small bunker some 1.5m by 2.5m was also erected on the
summit's surface to the south east. The monitoring post, which was
decommissioned in 1976, is excluded from the scheduling although the ground
beneath is included.
The bowl barrow is one of a number of similar monuments which are associated
with the River Bain and with High Street; the others are the subjects of
separate schedulings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Bronze Age bowl barrow 730m SSE of South Walk Farm is a prominent
earthwork clearly visible from the adjacent public highway to the east.
Although the insertion of a Royal Observer Corps monitoring post has caused
some disturbance to the mound, its positioning has not affected the primary
burial, and much of the barrow remains intact. Valuable archaeological
deposits, including human remains, will survive beneath the mound and in the
fills of the buried ditch and will contain information relating to the dating
and construction of the monument. Environmental evidence preserved in the same
deposits will contain information on the nature of the landscape in which the
monument was set.
The barrow is one of a number of Bronze Age burial mounds associated with the
valley of the River Bain and with the prehistoric trackway now formalised as
High Street. These associations indicate the ritual significance of the
location and pose wider questions concerning settlement patterns and
communication routes during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


discussion with Home Office rep., Jewell, S, (1995)
plan & details by D F Petch, PRN: 00152: Barrow 800 yards SSE of South Walk Farm, (1990)
text, PRN: 00152: Barrow 800 yards SSE of South Walk Farm, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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