Ancient Monuments

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Neolithic long barrow 450m west of Hoe Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Swinhope, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.4408 / 53°26'27"N

Longitude: -0.1747 / 0°10'29"W

OS Eastings: 521336.391211

OS Northings: 395335.756854

OS Grid: TF213953

Mapcode National: GBR WX6N.Z8

Mapcode Global: WHHJB.9S11

Entry Name: Neolithic long barrow 450m west of Hoe Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013901

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27865

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Swinhope

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Swinhope St Helen

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located
c.80m above sea level on the gently sloping eastern side of the Waithe Beck
valley, approximately 450m west of Hoe Hill Farm and 100m to the west of the
extant long barrow known as Cromwell's Grave, the subject of a separate
scheduling, whose east-west alignment it shares. The mound, which is known
to have existed until around 1906, was once situated within a copse which has
since been cleared and the mound has been subsequently degraded by ploughing.
However, the gap in the field boundary hedge indicates its site; the monument
is clearly visible as a cropmark and can be plotted from aerial photographs.
Geophysical surveys were carried out between 1983 and 1987 and these
established the presence of a ditch some 13m from the centre of the mound,
indicating that the overall dimensions of the monument are 70m long by 30m
The monument, together with Cromwell's Grave and the long barrows at Ash Hill,
Thorganby and Ash Holt are thought to form a group associated with the valley
of the Waithe Beck.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with
flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle
Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's
early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to
have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains
having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several
phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound,
including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals
of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important
spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time.
The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have
been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the
flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either
continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60
examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive
as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and
soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the
Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited
understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is
that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which
was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the
ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments
which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been
degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of
cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never
developed a burial mound.
As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic
monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a
great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of
the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the
Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of
national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are
considered worthy of protection.

Although the mound of the Neolithic long barrow west of Hoe Hill Farm has been
degraded by ploughing, geophysical survey has demonstrated that significant
remains survive buried beneath the present ground surface. Rare archaeological
and environmental evidence will be preserved on and in the old buried ground
surface and in the fills of the ditch. These will provide valuable information
relating to the date and construction of the monument, the sequence of
mortuary ritual at the site, and to the nature of the landscape in which the
monument was set.
The barrow's close proximity to Cromwell's Grave long barrow indicates the
ritual significance of this area in the Neolithic period. These monuments are
part of a wider barrow group associated with the Waithe Beck Valley and, as a
group, are considered particularly valuable for the study of Neolithic
settlement patterns and communication routes in this part of the Lincolnshire

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Bonnor, L D, Griffiths, D W, Skitter to Hatton 4050mm diameter pipeline, 1993, (1993)
Phillips, P, 'BAR' in Archaeology and Landscape Studies in North Lincolnshire, (1989), 10
Phillips, P, 'BAR' in Archaeology and Landscape Studies in North Lincolnshire, (1989)
Phillips, C W, 'Archaeological Journal' in The Long Barrows of Lincolnshire, , Vol. 89, (1933)
discussion with local landowner, Theobald, B, (1995)
discussion, Jones, D, (1995)

Source: Historic England

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