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Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 150m ENE of Olliver

A Scheduled Monument in Aske, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.424 / 54°25'26"N

Longitude: -1.7128 / 1°42'46"W

OS Eastings: 418731.594679

OS Northings: 503216.409667

OS Grid: NZ187032

Mapcode National: GBR JKG8.ZW

Mapcode Global: WHC6D.N2L9

Entry Name: Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 150m ENE of Olliver

Scheduled Date: 2 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013780

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28207

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Aske

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Easby with Brompton on Swale and Bolton on Swale

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a section of linear earthwork known as Scots Dyke
extending north to south for 40m. The monument includes a bank 12m wide and up
to 2m high. Originally a quarry ditch lay to the east of the bank but this has
been altered by agricultural activity and is not included in the scheduling.
Both ends of the monument have been truncated by agricultural activity and the
dyke reappears as an earthwork 130m to the south and 400m to the north where
it is the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Scots Dyke is a linear earthwork extending for 14km from the River Swale to
the River Tees in North Yorkshire. Significant sections remain visible as
upstanding earthworks and indicate that the dyke system had an earthen
rampart flanked on the eastern side by a ditch. Elsewhere the dyke often
survives as a low bank beneath present field boundaries. Where not preserved
as an upstanding monument, the dyke is visible as a cropmark on aerial
photographs. It was constructed in the post Roman period and encloses an area
in the eastern foothills of the Pennines between the Swale and Tees. This area
contained wealthy arable and pastoral land as well as some of the mineral
resources of the northern Pennines. Linear earthworks were used to divide
territory for military, social, economic and political purposes, often using
natural features such as rivers and watersheds to define an area. Scots Dyke
was built during the sixth and seventh centuries AD in response to political
changes brought about, at least in part, by the arrival of the Anglians in
northern England. Fewer than 50 examples of linear earthworks of post Roman
date have been identified in England. As a rare monument type of considerable
importance to the study of early medieval territorial patterns, all surviving
examples are identified as being of national importance. This monument
includes a well preserved section of bank and significant archaeological
remains will be preserved which offer important evidence for the study of form
and function of the dyke and its relationship with the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
McDonald, D A, Description and consideration of Scots Dyke, (1984)
Maclaughlan, , 'Archaeological Journal' in Roman Roads Camps and Earthworks in the North Riding, , Vol. VOL 6, (1849)
Other
RCHME, Scots Dyke, (1974)

Source: Historic England

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