Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on The Hangs

A Scheduled Monument in Cley Next The Sea, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.9421 / 52°56'31"N

Longitude: 1.0689 / 1°4'8"E

OS Eastings: 606308.932158

OS Northings: 342709.928488

OS Grid: TG063427

Mapcode National: GBR T8Y.F32

Mapcode Global: WHLQV.D98V

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on The Hangs

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Last Amended: 12 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013563

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21361

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Cley Next The Sea

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: Cley St Margaret St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Norwich


The monument includes a bowl barrow prominently sited on the western end of
the Cromer Ridge, above the steep scarp of its northern edge, overlooking the
coastal marshes. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound encircled by a
ditch. The mound stands to a height of c.1.5m and covers a circular area
c.15m in diameter. The surrounding ditch, from which earth was dug and used
in the construction of the barrow, has become partly infilled but can be seen
as a depression c.2.5m wide and c.0.2m deep in the ground surface. The barrow
lies c.550m north west of barrows on the western side of the large, dispersed
round barrow cemetery on Salthouse Heath, and may be considered as an outlier
of that group. A limited excavation was carried out on it in 1924.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the bowl barrow on The Hangs has suffered limited disturbance as a
result of investigations in 1924, the monument as a whole survives well, and
will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the
barrow and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local
environment before and during that period will also be preserved in soils
buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the ditch. The information
contained in the barrow has additional interest in relation to the archaeology
of the large round barrow cemetery on Salthouse Heath nearby, and in this
context has a wider significance for the study of the character and
development of the prehistoric population of the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Lawson, A J, 'East Anglian Archaeol' in The Barrows of East Anglia, , Vol. 12, (1980), M 9
6179: North Norfolk, Cley-next-the-Sea,

Source: Historic England

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