Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Grimston Moor 655m north east of Grimston Grange

A Scheduled Monument in Grimstone, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1625 / 54°9'45"N

Longitude: -1.0682 / 1°4'5"W

OS Eastings: 460935.630595

OS Northings: 474481.149906

OS Grid: SE609744

Mapcode National: GBR NNZ9.JL

Mapcode Global: WHFB4.KMJS

Entry Name: Round barrow on Grimston Moor 655m north east of Grimston Grange

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1962

Last Amended: 31 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013442

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26962

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Grimstone

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Gilling East Holy Cross

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is one of a number situated on the
crest of Grimston Moor.
The barrow has a sand and stone mound standing 1.2m high. It is round in shape
and 15m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide
which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. The barrow was recorded and partly excavated by Canon Greenwell in
1864, when two cremation burials were revealed.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This barrow has survived well and so significant information about the
structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be
preserved. The barrow was also comparatively well documented during campaigns
of fieldwork in the 19th century. The monument is one of a closely associated
group of barrows in the vicinity. Similar groups of monuments are also known
across the region and offer important scope for the study of burial practice
in different geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Kinnes, I A, Longworth, I H, The Greenwell Collection, (1985), 90-91
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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