Ancient Monuments

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Barbury Castle Farm deserted Medieval village

A Scheduled Monument in Wroughton, Swindon

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Latitude: 51.4811 / 51°28'52"N

Longitude: -1.7831 / 1°46'59"W

OS Eastings: 415159.489466

OS Northings: 175820.839363

OS Grid: SU151758

Mapcode National: GBR 4WF.01K

Mapcode Global: VHB40.11QC

Entry Name: Barbury Castle Farm deserted Medieval village

Scheduled Date: 5 January 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013415

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11510

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Wroughton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes the sites of a deserted Medieval village together with
traces of Romano-British occupation. The Medieval village earthworks include
well-preserved and extensive building platforms, hollow ways and associated
enclosures and plots. The earthworks are sharply defined and survive up to
1.5m in height. Limited excavation and stray finds have shown that the
village was occupied in the 12th and 13th centuries AD.
Traces of earlier Romano-British settlement underlying the Medieval village
have been located during excavation and from metal-detecting. These indicate
the presence of occupation of the 3rd and 4th centuries AD in close proximity
to the earthworks.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The village was a significant component of the rural landscape of Medieval
England. Those which were deserted during the Middle Ages have consequently
been undisturbed by later occupation and provide an important source of
information on Medieval demography, subsistence and settlement patterns.
The Barbury Castle Farm village is an exceptionally well-preserved example of
its type and its unusual elevated downland situation makes it particularly
rare and important. Its significance is enhanced by its proximity to Barbury
Castle hillfort and Romano-British occupation deposits which provide evidence
for the changing nature of land-use through time.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Crawford, O G S, Keiller. A, , Wessex from the Air, (1928)
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957)
Pattison, P., Excavations at Barbury Castle Farm 1983: Interim Report, Pagination 198

Source: Historic England

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