Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Square enclosure 350m north of Wansdyke on Bishop's Cannings Down

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3947 / 51°23'40"N

Longitude: -1.9211 / 1°55'15"W

OS Eastings: 405586.557887

OS Northings: 166183.254126

OS Grid: SU055661

Mapcode National: GBR 3VW.F51

Mapcode Global: VHB49.N68P

Entry Name: Square enclosure 350m north of Wansdyke on Bishop's Cannings Down

Scheduled Date: 9 August 1957

Last Amended: 13 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013231

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21868

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a square enclosure, interpreted as a medieval stock
enclosure, situated 350m north east of the Wansdyke on Bishop's Cannings Down.
The enclosure is orientated north east to south west and encloses an area
c.70m square.
Although no longer visible at ground level, the enclosing bank measures c.3m
wide and can be seen on aerial photographs as a cropmark.
The enclosure appears to be associated with the field system represented by
field boundary earthworks to the north west. These are the subject of a
separate scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The landscape around Avebury contains a wide range of archaeological
monuments belonging to the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods and part has
accordingly been included in the World Heritage Site designation. The later
archaeology of this landscape is also considered to be of importance,
illustrating the ways in which communities through time have both used it but
also continued to respect and recognise many of its original features.
The square enclosure 350m north east of Wansdyke represents part of the
medieval use of the landscape. Although levelled by cultivation, features
below the ploughsoil will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the enclosure's construction and the landscape in which it was

Source: Historic England


SU 06 NE 012, R.C.H.M.(E), Square Enclosure, (1973)
Title: SMR 1:10000 Map
Source Date: 1990
SU 06 NE based on Ordnance Survey
WI 676, County List of Scheduled Monuments: Wiltshire, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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