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Roman road north east of Vernditch Chase: part of the Roman road between Sorviodunum (Old Sarum) and Vindocladia (Badbury)

A Scheduled Monument in Martin, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.9953 / 50°59'43"N

Longitude: -1.9313 / 1°55'52"W

OS Eastings: 404918.856545

OS Northings: 121773.910688

OS Grid: SU049217

Mapcode National: GBR 40P.JK6

Mapcode Global: FRA 66VH.1FL

Entry Name: Roman road north east of Vernditch Chase: part of the Roman road between Sorviodunum (Old Sarum) and Vindocladia (Badbury)

Scheduled Date: 30 October 1957

Last Amended: 22 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013203

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24329

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Martin

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Martin All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a c.730m stretch of the Roman road from Sorviodunum (Old
Sarum) to Vindocladia (Badbury), running north eastwards from north of the
Broad Chalke to Martin road towards Old Lodge Copse.
The course of the Roman road is marked by a raised agger which peters out at
the south western and north eastern ends of this section. The agger, up to 9m
wide, rises to a maximum height of 1.1m above the surrounding ground level but
is augmented by a probable boundary bank up to 0.75m high and 4m to 5m wide
along or near the edge of the fields at the south eastern side of the road.
Fine gravel metalling can occasionally be seen on the ground surface and some
large flint nodules from the foundations of the road are also visible in some
areas. The side ditches have become infilled over the years, but a slight
linear depression c.2.5m wide and 0.4m deep can be seen at the north side of
the road near its southern end.
Stone-robbing has destroyed almost 50m of the south western end of the road
and a field under cultivation extends across and truncates the line of the
road to the north east. These areas are not included in the scheduling.
There are no known records of archaeological excavation of the road.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fencing and associated posts, although
the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Roman roads were artificially made-up routes introduced to Britain by the
Roman army from c.AD 43. They facilitated both the conquest of the province
and its subsequent administration. Their main purpose was to serve the Cursus
Publicus, or Imperial mail service. Express messengers could travel up to 150
miles per day on the network of Roman roads throughout Britain and Europe,
changing horses at wayside 'mutationes' (posting stations set every 8 miles on
major roads) and stopping overnight at 'mansiones' (rest houses located every
20-25 miles). In addition, throughout the Roman period and later, Roman roads
acted as commercial routes and became foci for settlement and industry.
Mausolea were sometimes built flanking roads during the Roman period while, in
the Anglian and medieval periods, Roman roads often served as property
boundaries. Although a number of roads fell out of use soon after the
withdrawal of Rome from the province in the fifth century AD, many have
continued in use down to the present day and are consequently sealed beneath
modern roads.
On the basis of construction technique, two main types of Roman road are
distinguishable. The first has widely spaced boundary ditches and a broad
elaborate agger comprising several layers of graded materials. The second
usually has drainage ditches and a narrow simple agger of two or three
successive layers. In addition to ditches and construction pits flanking the
sides of the road, features of Roman roads can include central stone ribs,
kerbs and culverts, not all of which will necessarily be contemporary with the
original construction of the road. With the exception of the extreme south-
west of the country, Roman roads are widely distributed throughout England and
extend into Wales and lowland Scotland. They are highly representative of the
period of Roman administration and provide important evidence of Roman civil
engineering skills as well as the pattern of Roman conquest and settlement. A
high proportion of examples exhibiting good survival are considered to be
worthy of protection.

The part of the Sorviodunum (Old Sarum) to Vindocladia (Badbury) Roman road
between the Broad Chalke to Martin road and Old Lodge Copse represents a
well-preserved section of an important routeway, much of which has been
levelled over the years. The road is a good and visual example of its class
and contains archaeological information relating to its construction,
contemporary and subsequent use.

Source: Historic England

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