Ancient Monuments

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Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane

A Scheduled Monument in Penton Grafton, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.2437 / 51°14'37"N

Longitude: -1.5269 / 1°31'36"W

OS Eastings: 433120.678659

OS Northings: 149499.374613

OS Grid: SU331494

Mapcode National: GBR 723.YM3

Mapcode Global: VHC2K.HZ4Y

Entry Name: Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1957

Last Amended: 17 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013202

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12098

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Penton Grafton

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Weyhill St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a long barrow set along a gentle SE facing slope and
situated in an arable field. The barrow mound is orientated ENE-WSW and
tapers in plan with the broader end to the ENE where it survives to a maximum
height of 0.75m. The mound is 51m long and 22.5m wide at the east end and
7.5m wide at the west end. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the north
and south sides of the mound separated by berms 8-12m wide. The ditches are
62m long and have an average width of 5m.
The site was partially excavated in 1957 and revealed burials and the evidence
for the former existence of two free standing mortuary structures, each
showing more than one construction phase. A date of c.3500BC was obtained for
one of the later construction phases.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the
densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of
this type in the country. This monument has been partially excavated
and is regarded as a classic example of a multi-phase burial monument.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 48-9
Morgan, F de M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of a Long Barrow at Nutbane, Hants, , Vol. 25, (1959), 15-51

Source: Historic England

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