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Moated manor and Queen Victoria's landing stage, Old Windsor

A Scheduled Monument in Old Windsor, Windsor and Maidenhead

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Latitude: 51.4133 / 51°24'47"N

Longitude: -0.6132 / 0°36'47"W

OS Eastings: 496540.270317

OS Northings: 169167.296054

OS Grid: SU965691

Mapcode National: GBR F9C.7SX

Mapcode Global: VHFTN.BQ5X

Entry Name: Moated manor and Queen Victoria's landing stage, Old Windsor

Scheduled Date: 25 July 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013196

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12050

County: Windsor and Maidenhead

Civil Parish: Old Windsor

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Old Windsor

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes two arms of a water-filled moated site located
immediately to the south of Virginia Water Cottage on the northern
bank of Virginia Water and a 19th century jetty - Queen Victoria's
landing stage built on the moat island. The north and west arms of the
moat remain although the south and east arms have been destroyed and
incorporated into Virginia Water. The enclosed area is now an island
with access by a modern bridge on the west side. The moated site is
orientated north-south with maximum external dimensions of 120m and
90m respectively. The site would originally have been between 30 and
40m wider on either axis. The island has dimensions of 70m east-west
by 100m north- south. The moat which survives to the north and west
varies between 20 and 35m in width and survives to a depth of 5m from
the level of the island. A map of 1607 shows a moated site at this
location called "The Manor". A building with projected wings is shown
within the moat. The site is mentioned as early as the reign of
Richard II and in 1406 is referred to as the Manor in Windsor Park.
There are now no visible remains of the Manor Lodge although medieval
tiles have been recovered both within the island and immediately
outside, demonstrating the survival of archaeological deposits.
On the southern side of the island is Queen Victoria's landing stage.
This is a stepped structure of brick construction with dimensions of
c.30m by 20m. It was built in the late 19th century.
The two bridges joining the island to the land are excluded from the

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England,
relatively few survive in Berkshire. This example is particularly
important because of its Royal association and because contemporary
documents illustrate the building which once occupied the moat island.
The monument's significance is considerably enhanced by its adoption
as the site of the Victorian landing stage, itself having a royal

Source: Historic England


Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,
HRH Prince of Wales,

Source: Historic England

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