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Medieval moated site, Filston Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Shoreham, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3257 / 51°19'32"N

Longitude: 0.1745 / 0°10'28"E

OS Eastings: 551608.064865

OS Northings: 160757.99618

OS Grid: TQ516607

Mapcode National: GBR T2.6PB

Mapcode Global: VHHPC.ZY42

Entry Name: Medieval moated site, Filston Hall

Scheduled Date: 27 July 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013133

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12725

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Shoreham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Church of England Parish: Shoreham St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

Details

The moated site at Filston Hall comprises an incomplete but originally nearly-
square wet moat and a moat island together with a large fishpond and an
adjacent silt-trap. A largely Jacobean house with an older, probably late
Medieval, timber-framed kitchen range stands on the island, but the building
is not the original building constructed with the moat and it is excluded from
the scheduling (although it remains listed Grade II*).
Moats are generally seen as prestigious residences of the Lords of the Manor.
The moat not only marked the high status of the occupier but also served to
deter casual raiders and wild animals. Most moats were constructed between
1250 and 1350, and it is to this period that the moat at Filston is likely to
date.
The fishpond, a sizeable extension of the moat on the upstream side, was
probably originally separated from the moat by a wooden sluice gate to ensure
that the rubbish deposited in the moat could not contaminate the fish for the
table. The silt-trap, which still performs its function efficiently,
prevented the fishpond from silting up. The present bridge onto the island is
of modern materials but is likely to preserve the position of the original
bridge. The foundations of the bridge are therefore included in the
scheduling, but the modern bridge structure is excluded. Similarly, the
ground beneath the house is included although the house itself is excluded
from the scheduling. Additionally, the already disturbed upper deposits of
the infilled moat to the north of the bridge where a roadway onto the island
was constructed earlier this century are excluded, although the deposits
beneath this access roadway are included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Filston Hall is of particular importance because it
survives in a largely unaltered form. The monument therefore retains a high
archaeological potential for the recovery of archaeological information,
perhaps including evidence of the original buildings of the moat island along
with evidence of the environment of the moated site when it was built which is
considered likely to survive in the waterlogged conditions of the moat.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Listed Buildings 771 38/1185,
Mr Dinnis (owner ), From Mr Dinnis' father,

Source: Historic England

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