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Enclosure with hut circles in Higher Piles newtake

A Scheduled Monument in Harford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4366 / 50°26'11"N

Longitude: -3.9103 / 3°54'37"W

OS Eastings: 264434.412662

OS Northings: 61381.382095

OS Grid: SX644613

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.VWVS

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PW.Y5X

Entry Name: Enclosure with hut circles in Higher Piles newtake

Scheduled Date: 5 June 1972

Last Amended: 21 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013110

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10531

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Harford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone
walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas
for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings
for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c. 2500 to
500 BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This enclosure, on a west-facing slope in Higher Piles newtake, above the
River Erme, consists of a main sub-rectangular enclosure 92 m. by 80 m., with
two hut circles, and a subsidiary area on its south side, 53 m. by 36 m..
The walls of the main enclosure are drystone, 3 m. to 4 m. wide and up to a
metre high, including very large stones. An entrance on the south side is
marked by two stone jambs over a metre high. The hut in the south-west corner
is terraced and interrupts the wall; it is 8 m. in diameter with walls 2 m.
thick and up to 1 m. high. The second hut circle on the south side also
interrupts the line of the wall; it is 7.5 m. in diameter with walls 2 m.
thick and 0.3 m. high. The wall around the smaller area of the enclosure
follows the line of the main west wall, then turns east and continues up the
slope as a slight bank and ditch. The wall has two set faces in its western
stretch, but beyond the first hut circle it is not faced and is wider and
more tumbled. The changes of character may reflect later re-building.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well
as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive
changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This enclosure is a well-preserved example with hut circles, forming an
integral part of the concentration of settlement along this stretch of the
Erme Valley. It provides important insight into farming practices on the Moor
during the Prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SX66SW-091,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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