Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Stone alignment and retaining kerb on Burford Down

A Scheduled Monument in Harford, Devon

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 50.4275 / 50°25'39"N

Longitude: -3.9202 / 3°55'12"W

OS Eastings: 263702.09479

OS Northings: 60391.797533

OS Grid: SX637603

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.WDRS

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PX.LKS

Entry Name: Stone alignment and retaining kerb on Burford Down

Scheduled Date: 20 June 1972

Last Amended: 14 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013103

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10527

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Harford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in a single line
or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length.
They frequently lead to burial monuments such as small cairns, cists and
barrows and are therefore thought to have had a ceremonial function. The 70
or so examples known on Dartmoor were probably constructed in the Late
Neolithic period (around 2,500 BC).
The Burford Down stone alignment has been traced for 450m, from the retaining
kerb at the southern terminal north into Yadsworthy newtake. The alignment
incorporates at least 100 stones, many upright or tilted and up to 0.8m high.
Though robbing has occurred, particularly near the newtake wall, the spacing
of the stones is considered to have averaged 1.5m. There is no northern
terminal, but the alignment can be traced over 80m beyond the newtake wall.
The retaining kerb consists of six standing and seven fallen stones giving a
diameter of 10m. The cairn mound is hollow in the centre and a maximum 0.6m

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well
as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive
changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Stone aligments provide rare evidence of ceremonial or ritual practices on
the Moor during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Burford Down is a good
surviving example of its kind with a terminal retaining kerb and cairn
remains at the southern end.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Davidson, C J, Seabrook, R A G, 'Proc. Devon Arch. Soc.' in Stone Rings on South East Dartmoor, , Vol. 31, (1973), 28
Emmett, D D, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, , Vol. 37, (1979), 111

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.