Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 300m south-east of Walker's Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Preshute, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4772 / 51°28'37"N

Longitude: -1.813 / 1°48'46"W

OS Eastings: 413081.234422

OS Northings: 175377.684624

OS Grid: SU130753

Mapcode National: GBR 4WC.BFY

Mapcode Global: VHB3Z.J4DD

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m south-east of Walker's Plantation

Scheduled Date: 9 April 1957

Last Amended: 17 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013072

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12175

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Preshute

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a steep
north-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow
mound stands to a height of 0.3m and is 10m in diameter. Surrounding
the mound is a ditch from which the mound material was quarried. This
is no longer visible at ground level, but survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide.
The site was partially excavated by Canon Greenwell, a prolific
excavator of barrows, between 1877 and 1889. Finds included a
cremation burial with a bronze dagger as well as a later Saxon
inhumation with an iron spear.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of the Walker's Plantation barrow mound and
cultivation over many years, much of the monument, including ditch
deposits and the buried land surface, remains intact and has
significant archaeological potential.
The importance of the site is further enhanced by the fact that
numerous other barrow mounds and additional evidence for contemporary
settlement survives in the area. These give an indication of the
intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Greenwell, Canon, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia (Volume 52), , Vol. 52, (1890), 1

Source: Historic England

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