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Moated site and two fishponds 300m west of Moorcourt

A Scheduled Monument in Romsey Extra, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9523 / 50°57'8"N

Longitude: -1.5145 / 1°30'52"W

OS Eastings: 434200.625513

OS Northings: 117096.092024

OS Grid: SU342170

Mapcode National: GBR 75T.7XN

Mapcode Global: FRA 76QL.FSH

Entry Name: Moated site and two fishponds 300m west of Moorcourt

Scheduled Date: 8 February 1978

Last Amended: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013062

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12058

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Romsey Extra

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Romsey St Mary and St Ethelflaeda

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site and fishponds, 300m west of
Moorcourt. Both the moat and fishponds survive as dry earthworks. The moated
site is orientated north-south and has external dimensions of 80m by 60m. The
moat survives to a width of c.10m and to a depth of 1m on the north and west
sides and 1.5m deep on the east side. The south side is formed by a stream.
The area enclosed by the ditch is c.70m by 40m. Adjacent to the moated site
on the western side are two fishponds aligned north-south. The northernmost
survives to a length of 45m and a width of 35m; the southern pond is c.25m
square.
Although the date of construction is not certain, the site may be that of the
manor house of Moor Abbess, one of two medieval manors in the area.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few
survive in Hampshire. This site is particularly important as it survives
well, is associated with contemporary fishponds and has a possible association
with a documented manor house.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Stamper, P, Medieval Hampshire: studies in landscape history, (1983)
Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Fishponds, 1988,
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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