Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Frilsham, West Berkshire

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Latitude: 51.4636 / 51°27'48"N

Longitude: -1.2358 / 1°14'8"W

OS Eastings: 453184.658269

OS Northings: 174120.082598

OS Grid: SU531741

Mapcode National: GBR 92N.0F3

Mapcode Global: VHCZ6.JGJW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1969

Last Amended: 7 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013007

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12079

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Frilsham

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Yattendon and Frilsham

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill
Cottage and 55m north of the east-bound carriageway of the M4
motorway. The barrow survives to a height of 1m and has a maximum
diameter of 30m. The faint trace of an earthwork representing a quarry
ditch c.3m wide and which partly extends into a plantation immediately
to the south-west, is visible on the south-east side of the mound. The
ditch, from which mound material was quarried, was visible as an
earthwork surrounding the mound in 1882 and now survives largely as a
buried feature. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 36m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The importance of the monument south of Everington Hill Cottage is
enhanced by the fact that it survives comparatively well, particularly
the ditch deposits and buried ground surface. It also has potential
for the recovery of both archaeological and environmental evidence.

Source: Historic England


Ordnance Survey, (Ref Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage), (1882)

Source: Historic England

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