Ancient Monuments

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Pair of bowl barrows forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Allington Down

A Scheduled Monument in All Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3877 / 51°23'15"N

Longitude: -1.8776 / 1°52'39"W

OS Eastings: 408613.232954

OS Northings: 165411.465042

OS Grid: SU086654

Mapcode National: GBR 3VY.S62

Mapcode Global: VHB4B.DDR1

Entry Name: Pair of bowl barrows forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Allington Down

Scheduled Date: 3 January 1957

Last Amended: 21 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012984

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21874

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: All Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: All Cannings All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows, forming part of a
linear round barrow cemetery containing six barrows in all, running from
south west to north east across Allington Down.
Both barrows are situated on what is believed to be an ancient boundary which
now forms the boundary of two farm ownerships.
The northern barrow mound has been reduced by cultivation but is visible as a
low earthwork 13m in diameter standing up to 0.2m high. The southern barrow
mound has also been reduced by cultivation and is no longer visible at ground
level except as a slight stony spread c.12m in diameter.
Surrounding both barrow mounds, but now infilled, lie quarry ditches c.2.5m
wide which will survive as buried features below the modern ploughsoil and the
dirt track running across the eastern side of the southern mound.
A right of way runs along the western side of the current field boundary which
crosses the site; both are believed to be originally of early date.
Excluded from the scheduling is the post and wire boundary fence crossing the
barrows from south west to north east although the ground beneath is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite these barrows having been reduced by cultivation, they do not appear
to have been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental
remains relating to their construction and the landscape in which the cemetery
was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of WIltshire' in Gazeteer, , Vol. 1,1, (1957), 148
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of Wiltshire' in Gazeteer, , Vol. 1,1, (1957), 148
Title: Devizes and Marlborough
Source Date: 1987
Pathfinder 1185

Source: Historic England

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