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Ringwork on Warfield Bank 500m south east of Park Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Clungunford, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.391 / 52°23'27"N

Longitude: -2.9252 / 2°55'30"W

OS Eastings: 337130.984641

OS Northings: 277405.075238

OS Grid: SO371774

Mapcode National: GBR B9.QGHV

Mapcode Global: VH76K.75WC

Entry Name: Ringwork on Warfield Bank 500m south east of Park Cottage

Scheduled Date: 29 February 1972

Last Amended: 19 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012866

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19200

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Clungunford

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Hopton Castle

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes the remains of a small ringwork castle situated on the
summit of Warfield Bank, a small isolated knoll with extensive views in all
directions. The position has been chosen for its strategic strength and the
site is clearly designed as a military work. The ringwork is circular in plan
with an overall diameter of 42m and includes a circular bank with an average
width of 7m and height of 1.6m enclosing an internal area 25m in diameter. The
interior surface of the enclosure originally would have been at the same level
as the outside ground. However, the interior has been cut into in the north
and south quarters creating deep water-filled hollows separated by a narrow
stone ridge. Central to the ridge is a deep circular water-filled hollow cut
into the stone. These excavations may be the result of stone quarrying; stone
is close to the surface and a later quarry lies lower down the hill to the
north east. A break 6m wide in the north east quarter of the bank, slightly
out-turned on the south east side, appears to be an original entrance. A
surrounding ditch, from which the material would have been quarried for the
construction of the bank, is visible as a slight hollow 4m wide and 0.2m deep
for a short length around the north west and south west sides; elsewhere it
will survive as a buried feature of similar width.
Local tradition suggests that the enclosure was constructed during the Civil
War as an emplacement for the cannon shelling of Hopton Castle which lies 600m
to the north west. There is a clear view of the castle from Warfield Bank.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late
Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended
area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a
substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a
stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the
bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military
operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements.
They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60
with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted
range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular
significance to our understanding of the period.

The ringwork on Warfield Bank survives well and is a good example of this
class of monument. It will retain archaeological information relating to its
construction, age and nature of use. Environmental evidence relating to the
landscape in which it was constructed will be preserved sealed on the old land
surface beneath the surrounding bank and in the ditch fill. The proximity of
Hopton Castle, which lies some 600m to the north west of the site and may be
in some way associated with the ringwork, increases the archaeological
importance of the site. Such monuments, when considered in relationship to
other monuments of a similar period which occur in close proximity, contribute
valuable information relating to the settlement pattern and social
organisation of the countryside during the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other

Source: Historic England

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