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Two cup marked rocks 220m west of Highfield House

A Scheduled Monument in Ilkley, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9144 / 53°54'51"N

Longitude: -1.8009 / 1°48'3"W

OS Eastings: 413171.934792

OS Northings: 446487.942972

OS Grid: SE131464

Mapcode National: GBR HRV5.WK

Mapcode Global: WHC8P.9WN1

Entry Name: Two cup marked rocks 220m west of Highfield House

Scheduled Date: 25 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012836

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25339

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Ilkley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ben Rhydding St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes two cup marked rocks, south of the low knoll above the
Cow and Calf Hotel 220m west of Highfield House.
One rock is striated, size 0.7m x 1m x 0.22m, with c.13 cups, and the other is
rounded, size 0.85m x 0.64m x 0.27m, with c.8 cups, some very worn.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more `rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are believed
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and will contribute to an
understanding of the wider grouping of carved rocks.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 47
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 47

Source: Historic England

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