Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Section of rubble walling east of Grammar School Cairn, on Cranshaw Thorn Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Ilkley, Bradford

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Latitude: 53.9131 / 53°54'47"N

Longitude: -1.8144 / 1°48'51"W

OS Eastings: 412287.607898

OS Northings: 446348.349075

OS Grid: SE122463

Mapcode National: GBR HRR5.ZZ

Mapcode Global: WHC8P.3W8Z

Entry Name: Section of rubble walling east of Grammar School Cairn, on Cranshaw Thorn Hill

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012833

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25373

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Ilkley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a stretch of rubble walling on Cranshaw Thorn Hill, east
of Grammar School Cairn.
The walling runs approximately north-south, curving towards the east at its
southern end. It is c.40m long and c.2m wide. It is not orthostatic but
incorporates a number of boulders along its length. The walling lies in an
area of prehistoric activity, as evidenced by carved stones and enclosures. It
is identified as prehistoric, possibly being the remains of an enclosure, and
is immediately associated with surrounding remains.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Within the landscape of Rombalds Moor are many discrete plots of land enclosed
by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze
Age (c.2000-700 BC), although earlier and later examples may also exist. They
were constructed as protected areas for settlement, stock penning, or crop
growing. They may be subdivided into a series of smaller enclosures; those
used for settlement may retain evidence of the round huts originally located
within them. The size and form of enclosures vary considerably, depending on
their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship
to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They
are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion
of surviving examples are worthy of protection.

This walling survives well and is an element of a prehistoric landscape on
Cranshaw Thorn Hill; it will also contribute to an understanding of wider
prehistoric remains on Rombalds Moor.

Source: Historic England

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