Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook

A Scheduled Monument in South Brent, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4506 / 50°27'1"N

Longitude: -3.8727 / 3°52'21"W

OS Eastings: 267140.226297

OS Northings: 62866.034003

OS Grid: SX671628

Mapcode National: GBR QB.70XW

Mapcode Global: FRA 27SV.T7Z

Entry Name: Enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook

Scheduled Date: 4 December 1957

Last Amended: 12 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012775

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10578

County: Devon

Civil Parish: South Brent

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: South Brent St Petroc

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


Low stone walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area form the remains of
timber and turf or thatch-roofed dwellings occupied by farmers of the
prehistoric period. They may occur singly or in larger groups and were
sometimes built within a surrounding boundary bank or enclosure. On Dartmoor,
the long tradition of building stone-based round houses can be traced back to
the second millennium BC, probably from about 1700 BC. This D-shaped
enclosure, south of Bala Brook and downstream of its confluence with Red
Brook, is approximately 0.75ha in area with Bala Brook forming the flat side,
which is not enclosed. It has a massive wall over 3m in width and over 1m in
height. The wall's make up includes very large granite boulders, and it has
an entrance in its southern side. Attached to the southern wall within the
enclosure are five rectangular pens roughly 9.5m by 10m in width and length.
Their walls have been rebuilt in places to a height of over a metre, with
entrances facing into the enclosure. There are also at least seven hut
circles, three cut off from the rest by the Water Board intake fence, they are
up to 10m in diameter and their walls are up to 0.5m in height. Some of them
retain evidence of entrances on their south-eastern sides.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
The enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook is
a well preserved example of its kind and provides important evidence of how
early farming and stock-rearing communities lived on the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Devon County SMR SX66SE-090,

Source: Historic England

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