Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 110m south west of Round Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Osmotherley, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3862 / 54°23'10"N

Longitude: -1.2824 / 1°16'56"W

OS Eastings: 446698.795851

OS Northings: 499200.590425

OS Grid: SE466992

Mapcode National: GBR MKHQ.4G

Mapcode Global: WHD7Y.80KT

Entry Name: Round barrow 110m south west of Round Hill

Scheduled Date: 28 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012725

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26908

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Osmotherley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Whorlton

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated at the head of a small dale on
the west of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.5m high. It is round in
shape and 9.5m in diameter. There is a recumbent upright stone 0.5m high and
1.1m long located to the south east of the inner crown of the mound and
another less substantial stone lying on the north west flank of the mound. The
mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over
the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. There are two small
depressions on the western side of the mound resulting from antiquarian
There are many similar barrows in this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of
these lie in closely associated groups, particularly along the watersheds.
They provide evidence of territorial organisation marking divisions of land,
divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form, burials placed within it and evidence of
earlier land use beneath the mound will be preserved.
This barrow is part of a wider group of barrows, some of which are thought to
represent territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are also known
across the north and central areas of the North York Moors, providing an
important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer
important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and
agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-123
Batey, C, Catalogue of recorded sites in Survey, Scarth Wood Moor 1984-90,
Batey, C, Catalogue of recorded sites in Survey, Scarth Wood Moor 1984-90,

Source: Historic England

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