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Henge monument 300m north of Nunwick

A Scheduled Monument in Hutton Conyers, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1683 / 54°10'5"N

Longitude: -1.5069 / 1°30'24"W

OS Eastings: 432291.79343

OS Northings: 474836.916847

OS Grid: SE322748

Mapcode National: GBR KNX7.KJ

Mapcode Global: WHC7N.THMB

Entry Name: Henge monument 300m north of Nunwick

Scheduled Date: 1 January 1971

Last Amended: 4 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012724

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25585

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hutton Conyers

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Sharow with Copt Hewick and Marton-le-Moor

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a henge monument lying on a gravel terrace north of the
River Ure in the Vale of Mowbray.
The monument comprises a subcircular enclosure surrounded by a bank and
internal ditch with two opposing entrances on the northern and southern sides.
The bank is much reduced, but still visible in places as a slight earthwork.
The internal diameter of the enclosure ranges from 97m to 100m and the
external diameter from 200m to 210m. The bank is up to 18m wide with entrances
15m wide on the northern side and 8m wide on the southern side. Excavations
in 1961 revealed the ditch to be 13.7m wide and 1.8m deep.
The monument is one of a series of henge monuments located in the Vale of
Mowbray. These henges are also associated with other contemporary monuments
and groups of later round barrows. The study of these monuments provides
important information about their form, nature and function within a wider
ritual landscape.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic
period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval-
shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a
ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the
interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features
including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or
central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide
important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types
of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in
which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the
exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally
situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are
rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of
identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all
henges are considered to be of national importance.

Although reduced by agricultural activity, this monument still retains a
slight enclosing bank and further features can be clearly seen on aerial
photographs. Significant information about the form and function of the
monument will be preserved within the bank and ditch. As part of a wider group
of monuments this site will provide important insights into the study of a
ritual landscape in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Harding, A, Lee, G E, 'Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain' in Henge Monuments and Related Sites in Great Britain, , Vol. BAR 175, (1987), 313
Other
CUCAP CKD 15; BTY 21,
Manby T G, The Lowlands and eastern Foothills, 1993,

Source: Historic England

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