Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure on Stalldown

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4447 / 50°26'40"N

Longitude: -3.9234 / 3°55'24"W

OS Eastings: 263525.699585

OS Northings: 62304.225683

OS Grid: SX635623

Mapcode National: GBR Q6.NKXS

Mapcode Global: FRA 27NW.C98

Entry Name: Enclosure on Stalldown

Scheduled Date: 8 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012706

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10510

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by
stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected
areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut
dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.
2500 to 500 BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This enclosure, on the top of Stalldown, is 25m. in diameter, with a turf
covered stone bank up to 3.0m. wide and a 5m. wide entrance gap at the
south-west; it is not subdivided.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments, as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This enclosure on Stalldown is a well-preserved example, without internal
structures. It provides important insight into farming practices on the Moor
during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Devon County SMR (Re Stalldown),

Source: Historic England

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