Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Brick Kiln Copse

A Scheduled Monument in Sedgehill and Semley, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.0477 / 51°2'51"N

Longitude: -2.1535 / 2°9'12"W

OS Eastings: 389333.698834

OS Northings: 127603.69727

OS Grid: ST893276

Mapcode National: GBR 1X5.8C7

Mapcode Global: FRA 66CB.YNF

Entry Name: Moated site at Brick Kiln Copse

Scheduled Date: 9 February 1955

Last Amended: 1 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012673

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12042

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Sedgehill and Semley

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Semley St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a moated site in a copse some 75m west of Brick Kiln
Cottage. The D-shaped moat is complete on all but the north west side which
has been filled in. The site is orientated NNE-SSW and has overall dimensions
of around 70m square and a level platform of c.38m x 40m. The ditch is silted
and seasonally damp and survives to a width of between 8m and 11m. The inner
edge of the north west side remains discernible as a scarp up to 0.2m high and
3m to 4m wide. There is no apparent causewayed entrance to the interior. It
would appear that the moat was originally filled by natural water seepage.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in
Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well and
displays potential for the preservation of organic remains and
palaeoenvironmental evidence.

Source: Historic England


Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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