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Bowl barrow 190m south west of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Cheddar, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.304 / 51°18'14"N

Longitude: -2.7638 / 2°45'49"W

OS Eastings: 346848.97707

OS Northings: 156375.5125

OS Grid: ST468563

Mapcode National: GBR JH.Y3HX

Mapcode Global: VH89B.1HQ6

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 190m south west of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 19 July 1933

Last Amended: 8 April 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012593

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13877

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Cheddar

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of a dispersed round barrow
cemetery, located on sloping ground 190m south west of Tyning's Farm. It
consists of a barrow mound 14m in diameter and c.0.25m high at its highest
point. The barrow mound has been spread by cultivation. Although no longer
visible at ground level a causewayed ditch, from which material was quarried
during construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
The monument was partially excavated in 1923-4 by R.F.Read. Finds included a
cremation burial, possibly contemporary with the construction of the monument,
in a cist or stone-lined grave 1.2m long by 0.8m wide and 0.4m deep. The
excavation also demonstrated that the barrow mound was constructed with a
retaining kerb of limestone blocks.
The mound was subsequently excavated by H.Taylor. Finds and a scale model of
the monument are in the University of Bristol Speleological Museum.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 190m south west of Tyning's Farm survives comparatively well
despite areas of localised disturbance caused by previous excavation and
spreading of the barrow mound by cultivation. Although the primary burial has
been excavated, much of the ditch fill, old ground surface and some of the
barrow mound remains intact. The barrow therefore retains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in
which it was constructed. The importance of the monument is enhanced by its
position in a round barrow cemetery and by its association with other
contemporary burial monuments in the area. Such evidence gives an indication
of the intensity of occupation and the nature of social organisation present
in the area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), 96
Read, R F, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Excavation Of Mendip Barrows, , Vol. Vol 2, (1924), 141-2
Taylor, H, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Tyning's Farm Barrows: Third Report, , Vol. 6(2), (1951), 111&119
Tratman, E K, 'University of Bristol Speleological Society' in Barrow Catalogue, ()
Other
11428, Dennison, E, 11428, (1991)
ST45NE58, Ordnance Survey, ST45NE58,

Source: Historic England

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