Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows 400m south of Summer Down Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Everleigh, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.293 / 51°17'34"N

Longitude: -1.697 / 1°41'49"W

OS Eastings: 421220.519148

OS Northings: 154918.418299

OS Grid: SU212549

Mapcode National: GBR 4YN.XD5

Mapcode Global: VHC28.JRPN

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 400m south of Summer Down Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 26 April 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012518

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12167

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Everleigh

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned north-south and separated by a
distance of c.15m. The monument is set on a gentle south-facing slope
overlooking the valley of the River Bourne. The northern mound is c.0.75m
high and 20m in diameter. The southern mound is 0.5m high and has a diameter
of 15m. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches c.3m wide, no longer visible at
ground level but which survive as buried features.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The monument survives comparatively well and, with no evidence for formal
excavation, the site has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

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