Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 290m west of Firle Beacon

A Scheduled Monument in Alciston, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8339 / 50°50'2"N

Longitude: 0.1042 / 0°6'15"E

OS Eastings: 548271.038891

OS Northings: 105929.765736

OS Grid: TQ482059

Mapcode National: GBR LRX.P4P

Mapcode Global: FRA C63W.NG1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 290m west of Firle Beacon

Scheduled Date: 30 January 1967

Last Amended: 31 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012498

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12873

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Alciston

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: West Firle St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises a mound and a surrounding
ditch. The mound measures 9m across and stands to a height of 0.8m. The
surrounding ditch, which has been infilled by soil eroded from the mound, is
visible only as an area of lusher grass 2m across around the foot of the
mound. The diameter of the mound and ditch together is 13m.
The hollow in the summit of the mound indicates that the barrow was partially
excavated in the 19th century.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite the limited damage to the barrow mound caused by partial excavation,
the monument west of Firle Beacon retains significant archaeological potential
for the recovery of evidence of the nature and duration of its use and of the
environment in which it was constructed. As one of many Neolithic and Bronze
Age funerary monuments in the area, the barrow indicates the significance of
the South Downs for burial in the later prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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