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Willow Garth moated site and fishpond, Ecclesfield

A Scheduled Monument in Ecclesfield, Sheffield

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.4453 / 53°26'43"N

Longitude: -1.4686 / 1°28'7"W

OS Eastings: 435388.504634

OS Northings: 394410.974115

OS Grid: SK353944

Mapcode National: GBR LX5L.VP

Mapcode Global: WHDD9.DNWM

Entry Name: Willow Garth moated site and fishpond, Ecclesfield

Scheduled Date: 21 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012477

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13223

County: Sheffield

Civil Parish: Ecclesfield

Built-Up Area: Sheffield

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ecclesfield St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Sheffield

Details

Willow Garth moated site consists of a small rectangular island, measuring 25m
x 20m, surrounded by a water-filled moat. Except on the south-west side,
where it is narrower and partly filled in, the moat is c.10m wide and is
embanked along its outside edge on all but the south-west arm. Several stone
blocks indicative of wall-footings are visible on this side. On the south-
east side, a small bay protrudes into the adjacent field. This is the site of
a now filled-in channel leading to a terrace in the natural slope identified
as an embanked fishpond, measuring c.40m x 15m and now also filled in. To the
north of this, a narrow ditch runs eastward off the moat. Although in its
present form a post-medieval feature, this is likely to have been recut from
an earlier channel. Excluded from the scheduling are sections of modern
fencing and hedging though the ground underneath is included. The site lies a
few hundred metres from that of a priory which is now built over and not part
of this scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Willow Garth site has a water-filled moat in which organic material is
likely to survive. It has never been excavated and undisturbed deposits
survive on the island where building foundations and other evidence of
medieval activity will be well-preserved.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Addy, S O,

Source: Historic England

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