Ancient Monuments

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Fenwick Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Fenwick, Doncaster

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.6399 / 53°38'23"N

Longitude: -1.0821 / 1°4'55"W

OS Eastings: 460784.098876

OS Northings: 416321.244178

OS Grid: SE607163

Mapcode National: GBR NVWB.JY

Mapcode Global: WHFDN.BRYY

Entry Name: Fenwick Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 21 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012459

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13229

County: Doncaster

Civil Parish: Fenwick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirk Bramwith St Mary with Fenwick and Moss

Church of England Diocese: Sheffield

Details

Fenwick Hall moated site, traditionally linked with the Foliot family, is one
of a close knit group in the Fenwick region. It consists of a wedge shaped
island with rounded ends, measuring c.110m to north and south, c.40m to the
west and c.70m to the east. Surrounding it is a partially water-filled moat
c.10m across but widening considerably at the corners. At the north-east
corner the moat now forms a right-angled pond. The east arm of the moat has
largely disappeared, buried beneath later farm buildings which include a Grade
II listed barn and attached outbuildings. The moat is now crossed by three
causeways: two to the north and one to the south; the southern coinciding
with a projection off the moat and having the appearance of a filled-in
fishpond. The north-eastern, however, is thought to overlie an original
feature since it gives access to the existing manor-house which is Grade II
listed. Ditches entering the moat at its north-east and north-west corners,
from the direction of the River Went, were formerly inlet and outlet channels
which fed water to and from the moat. The fields around the site contain
ridge and furrow and other earthworks, the latter indicating the former
existence of a village associated with the site. These external remains are
not sufficiently well understood to be included in this scheduling. Excluded
from the scheduling are all buildings, modern structures, and features and the
surfaces of paths, yard and drives. The ground underneath, however, is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Fenwick Hall is particularly notable for its unusual form and size, which
suggest it was a medieval manorial site of some importance. Organic and
palaeoenvironmental material will be preserved in the moat and the west half
of the island in particular contains largely undisturbed deposits. In
addition, the remains of the earlier manorial complex underlie the standing
buildings on the island, which include an 18th century manor house.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Le Patourel, H E J, Moated site of Yorkshire, (1973)
Magilton, J, The Doncaster District, (1977)

Source: Historic England

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