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Bowl barrow: part of a barrow cemetery in Holden's Firs

A Scheduled Monument in Stratfield Mortimer, West Berkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3816 / 51°22'53"N

Longitude: -1.0753 / 1°4'31"W

OS Eastings: 464450.490375

OS Northings: 165137.809772

OS Grid: SU644651

Mapcode National: GBR B54.BY7

Mapcode Global: VHCZP.9JXP

Entry Name: Bowl barrow: part of a barrow cemetery in Holden's Firs

Scheduled Date: 8 November 1928

Last Amended: 21 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012427

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12231

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Stratfield Mortimer

Built-Up Area: Mortimer

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Stratfield Mortimer

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on high level ground between the
River Kennet to the north and Foudry Brook to the south. The barrow mound is
25m in diameter and is 1m high. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch, from
which mound material was quarried. This survives as a low earthwork 4m wide
and 0.3m deep to the south-west of the mound, and as a buried feature
elsewhere.
The monument is an outlier to a barrow cemetery located in and around
Holden's Firs.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Holden's Firs barrow is important as it survives comparatively well and,
despite disturbance to the barrow mound by afforestation, has potential for
the recovery of archaeological and environmental evidence. The significance
of the site is considerably enhanced by its inclusion within a dispersed
barrow cemetery. Such monuments give an indication of the intensity with
which areas were settled during prehistory and provide evidence for the range
of beliefs and nature of social organisation in the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Berkshire SMR, 1020.07,

Source: Historic England

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