Ancient Monuments

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Bell barrow 100m east of Stonehenge immediately south of the A344

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1787 / 51°10'43"N

Longitude: -1.8236 / 1°49'25"W

OS Eastings: 412423.778024

OS Northings: 142171.786404

OS Grid: SU124421

Mapcode National: GBR 501.1R7

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.BMST

Entry Name: Bell barrow 100m east of Stonehenge immediately south of the A344

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 1 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012386

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10371

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated 100m east of Stonehenge and south
of the A344. It is intervisible with Stonehenge and has views eastwards across
Stonehenge Bottom towards New King Barrows.

The barrow mound is 23m in diameter and 3m high, and is surrounded by a berm
5m wide. The mound is placed a little eccentrically. Surrounding the mound and
berm is a ditch 6m wide and 0.75m deep, from which material was quarried
during the barrow's construction. The overall diameter is therefore 45m.
Partial excavation in the 19th century revealed a primary cremation with bone
tweezers beneath an urn. Fragments of blue stone were found within the mound
material.

This barrow has recently been the subject of a geophysical survey which
confirmed the survival of archaeological remains.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important.
Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1600-1300 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men.
Bell barrows are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, many of
which are in Wessex and around 30 of which are in the Stonehenge area. This
group of monuments will provide important information on the development of
this area during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

The bell barrow 100m east of Stonehenge survives well and is known from
partial excavation and geophysical survey to contain archaeological remains
and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which
it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 207
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 127-128
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 52, (), 218

Source: Historic England

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