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Great Lodge moated site, Higham Park

A Scheduled Monument in Newton Bromswold, Northamptonshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2672 / 52°16'1"N

Longitude: -0.562 / 0°33'43"W

OS Eastings: 498228.148422

OS Northings: 264197.61584

OS Grid: SP982641

Mapcode National: GBR DYZ.W5H

Mapcode Global: VHFPM.68RT

Entry Name: Great Lodge moated site, Higham Park

Scheduled Date: 28 April 1976

Last Amended: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012327

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13646

County: Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Newton Bromswold

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Newton Bromswold St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough

Details

Great Lodge moat is located on the edge of the medieval deer park of Higham
Park, close to the park entrance.
The rectangular moated site covers an area measuring approximately 90m x 130m
and is surrounded on three sides by ditches up to 2m wide and 8m deep.
Originally the ditches were deeper and on the north east side the ditch is
filled in. There are traces of a slight inner bank on north west, south west
and south east sides of the moat island and remains of a larger outer bank on
the north east side. A causeway crosses the north west arm to the moat
island, where a small rectangular platform indicates the location of a former
building.
The moat island is known to be the site of the keeper's Great Lodge, which was
first recorded in 1327, but is considered to have been built before this date
and repairs to it are recorded from 1391 onwards. In the 15th century a hall,
chapel, chamber, kitchen, brewhouse and bakehouse were recorded on the site.
The remains of two fishponds, now much altered, can still be seen to the
north-west of the moated site but they are not included in the scheduling.
The buildings on the moat island are known to have been demolished when the
present farm north-west of the moat was built in the 17th century.
Made up roadways are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Great Lodge moated site has well documented associations with the medieval
deer park extending back to the 14th century. The moated site is essentially
undamaged and retains considerable archaeological potential for the recovery
of evidence of building foundations within the interior.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, , Archaeological Sites in North East Northamptonshire , (1975), 69-70

Source: Historic England

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