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Moated site and two fishponds south of Manor House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Much Hoole, Lancashire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.6935 / 53°41'36"N

Longitude: -2.7999 / 2°47'59"W

OS Eastings: 347280.617355

OS Northings: 422191.726147

OS Grid: SD472221

Mapcode National: GBR 8TWQ.MQ

Mapcode Global: WH85Y.YFXB

Entry Name: Moated site and two fishponds south of Manor House Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 December 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012320

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13486

County: Lancashire

Civil Parish: Much Hoole

Built-Up Area: Longton

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lancashire

Church of England Parish: Hoole St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Blackburn

Details

The monument is a moated site with two adjacent fishponds lying in pasture
some 110m south of Manor House Farm. The grassy island is raised a maximum of
1.5m above the surrounding field and measures c.25m x 33m. There is a sloping
berm up to 9m wide between the island and moat on all sides except the north.
The moat, waterlogged on the west side only, averages c.12m wide x 0.7m deep
and possesses a projection c.11m long x 6m wide on the north arm. The moat is
flanked on its east side by two dry fishponds - the northerly one measuring
c.19m x 35m x 0.8m deep, the southerly one c.17m x 37m x 0.8m deep with a dry
outlet channel at its southeast corner. A grassy outer bank c.10-12m wide x
0.3m high flanks the south side of the southerly pond and the east side of
both ponds. All field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling but the
ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument is a good example of a medieval moated site with adjacent
fishponds. It survives well and remains unencumbered by modern development.
The waterlogged moat will preserve organic material.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Coney, A. (West Lancs. Arch Soc), To Lancs SMR, (1987)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
Mr. Martindale (Site owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1991)
SMR No. 67, Lancs. SMR, Moat and probable fishponds,

Source: Historic England

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