Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Houghton Conquest, Central Bedfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0519 / 52°3'6"N

Longitude: -0.4606 / 0°27'38"W

OS Eastings: 505656.737836

OS Northings: 240393.573957

OS Grid: TL056403

Mapcode National: GBR G34.BCQ

Mapcode Global: VHFQM.YPWD

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 December 1976

Last Amended: 3 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012318

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20456

County: Central Bedfordshire

Civil Parish: Houghton Conquest

Traditional County: Bedfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bedfordshire

Church of England Parish: Houghton Conquest

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located close to the brow of a Greensand
ridge. The barrow has a slight mound 18m in diameter and up to 1m high.
A slight 2m wide hollow surrounding the foot of the mound indicates the
location of a partially infilled ditch, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. Although the bowl barrow may have
been slightly denuded by an episode of ploughing during World War II, there is
no evidence that the mound has ever been excavated. The fence at the edge of
the field is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the bowl barrow 500m south east of Bury Farm may have been slightly
denuded by an episode of ploughing, there is no evidence that the mound has
ever been excavated; deposits (including burials) below the mound and the
ditch fills will be substantially intact, providing evidence relating to both
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Fadden, K., Beds. 7488, (1976)
Samm, L, (1991)
Simco, A, Beds. 7488, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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